Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a disorder that falls into three groups:
Not being able to focus (inattentiveness) Ex: Easily distracted
Being extremely active (hyperactivity) Ex: Talks excessively
Not being able to control behavior (impulsivity) Ex: Has difficulty awaiting turn
It is not clear what causes ADHD. It usually begins in childhood and continues into adulthood. It is the most commonly diagnosed behavioral disorder in children. ADHD is seen more often in boys than in girls.
A combination of genes and environmental factors can play a role in the development of ADHD. Imaging studies show brains of children with ADHD are different from those without ADHD.
There are a number of medical conditions that may resemble signs and symptoms similar to ADHD, which include sleep disorders, brain injury, mood disorders (depression or anxiety), seizure disorders, and autism spectrum disorder.
Treatment for ADHD include behavior therapy, medications, counseling and education services. These treatments can relieve many of the symptoms of ADHD, but they do not cure it.
For parents and school systems seeking to enhance services for students with learning, cognitive, and behavioral challenges, a consultation will be completed first to help address specific concerns and needs.